White Trillium

White Trillium

Botanical Name: Trillium grandiflorum

En Français: Trille blanc, trille à grande fleur

Colour: White

The white trillium (Trillium grandiflorum), also known as the wake-robin and the white lily, was officially adopted as Ontario’s floral emblem in 1937.

The white trillium blooms in late April and May. The blooms are very sensitive to light, and the white flowers usually bend toward the sun as it moves across the sky. Contrary to popular belief, it is not illegal to pick a white trillium in Ontario. However, picking the flower can seriously injure the plant and it can take years to recover.

These perennial wildflowers are ideal for shade gardens and wooded wildflower gardens.


Other Characteristics

Pollinators: Mammals

Sun/Shade: Partial Sun

Planting and Care Considerations

Trilliums bloom early and become dormant by midsummer, yet with suitable growing conditions they are easy to care for and long-lived in the garden. In order for them to thrive in the home garden, you must mimic their native habitat by providing moist, well-draining soil enriched with organic matter.

Hepatica, epimedium, erythroniums, primula, cyclamen, dicentra, sanguinaria and arisaema


Water: Medium to moist

Best Soil: 

Growth Habit: 

More Information

The young shoots may be boiled and eaten as a vegetable. It is best not to eat the fruit, however.