Types of Garden Shrubs

Types of shrubs, there are two: evergreen and deciduous. Evergreen shrubs have year-round leaves. These are especially useful in landscaping since their leaves endure the winter, adding much-needed colour to a landscape in all seasons.

Deciduous bushes lose their leaves in the winter. However, their leaves have stunning colours in the autumn season, and, as a consequence, are a great choice providing vibrant landscape.

Mix and match different types of shrubs in the garden and landscape, and in containers. They are valued for their ornamental value, whether as hedges or for their beautiful blooms.


Boxwood has been a popular shrub for years, especially in areas where winters are mild. This evergreen may be trimmed into rounded formal forms. If let to grow, it can reach a height of 20 feet. It is popular as a walkway and walk shrub.

A full Buxus harlandii bush
Buxus harlandii
Photo by David J. Stang, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Blooming Quince 

In the spring, Cydonia bears rose-like blooms with a crimson hue. Japanese quince may grow up to 6 feet tall and features orange-scarlet blooms. After flowering, you can lightly prune it.

Blooming Quince with its light pink flowers and distinctive leaf
Blooming Quince
Ввласенко, CC BY-SA 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0, via Wikimedia Commons


The butterfly bush, which derives its name from the fact that butterflies are constantly observed surrounding it in the summer, can grow to 16 feet or more if not cut back by winter. The buddleja comes in a number of forms, including a tiny-leaved shrub with little purple blooms, a cattleya-pink bush, flame violet, a dazzling purple, and white profusion, a dwarf variant with pure white blossoms. Also included are the Empire blue shrub, dubonnet, red glory, and white cloud.

A full Buddleia davidii with gorgeous light purple flowers
Buddleia davidii
I, IKAl, CC BY-SA 2.5 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5, via Wikimedia Commons


Deutzia is an underutilised shrub that has only begun to receive the recognition it deserves. It is a simple to grow shrub with many tiny blooms in the spring. The 2- to 3-foot pink deutzia, with delicate blossoms; the pride of Rochester, with enormous double white flowers; and Deutzia Lemoinei, with large, pure white flowers, are among the varieties.

Other plants include the dwarf buckeye, which blooms in July with 12-inch spikes; the chokeberry bush, which is popular for its colourful berries; broom, which thrives in sandy areas and blooms in June and July; and witch hazel, a 20-foot-tall shrub with spidery yellow flowers.

Deutzia Chardonnay
SB Johnny, CC BY-SA 3.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Euonymus paten are hardy evergreen plants. They feature shiny green foliage and bright red berries. Some evergreen holly plants are popular, such as Japanese holly or inkberry. Boxwood is similar to Japanese holly.

A Euonymus with its distinctive pink and green leaves
Euonymus alatus
Credit: Krzysztof Ziarnek, Kenraiz, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Forsythia is a welcoming shrub since it requires little care; it is helpful for softening the lines of walls due to its drooping sprays of yellow flowers.

Ye;low forsythia bush
MarkBuckawicki, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Hibiscus Tree

Hibiscus blooms in August with enormous purple, rose-pink, or white flowers. This perennial plant is well-known for its beautiful blossoms and colours. Without trimming, it may reach a height of 12 feet. Another shrub with huge blooms that bloom in July and August is Hydrangea, which is a beautiful bush with gigantic blue globe-shaped clusters.

Red hibiscus in our garden
Credit: Jean Carr


Its varieties, such as Lonicera Morrowii shrubs, can be mass-planted. Some types are particularly appealing since they bloom in February and March.

Lonicera Morrowii honeysuckle bush
Lonicera Morrowii
Sixflashphoto, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Laurel is another well-known evergreen blooming shrub that is ideal for foundation planting. In the spring, American mountain laurel develops clusters of pink blossoms and thrives in both full sun and partial shade.

A green Laurel shrub growing behind a log beside a fence
Laurel shrub


Pachysandra (Japanese spurge) is a thick evergreen ground cover that is ideal for areas where grass will not grow. Lilac is one of the most popular deciduous blooming plants. If you buy lilac, make sure it is grafted on either its own or privet stock. Plant lilac as soon as the soil is workable and in full light. The most well-known variety has light purple blooms and grows to a height of around 10 feet. There are hundreds of variants, including white, pinkish-lilac, reddish-lilac, and bluish-lilac.

A field of pachysandra procumbens light green ground cover
Pachysandra Procumbens
Credit Photo by David J. Stang, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Rhododendron and azaleas

With almost 700 species, they top the list. These attractive woody plants are hardy and long-lived, with blooms of various forms, colours, and tints. Rhododendrons will not grow in limey soil, and humus should be abundantly supplied to prevent them from winter-burn. Azaleas grow in the same conditions as rhododendrons, that is, in partial shade, and may be used for foundation planting; they also perform well in thin forests. The Azalea Malus features pastel orange, yellow, and brown blooms. Rhododendrons and Azeleas are common perennial perennials.

Rhododendrum canadense growing in the wild with its pink flowers
Rhododendrum canadense


Several spirea varieties are found to be useful as screen plantings, particularly because of their dense growth and abundant flowering.Anthony Waterer spirea are 2-foot bushes with white or rose-pink clusters. Bridal wreath has profuse white clusters in May. Spirea Thunbergii also has white flowers, and Spirea Vanhouttei, 8 feet high with dense white flowers, is used as a living fence.

White spirea in front of the Lanier Mansion
Spirea in front of Mansion.
Wjlackner William J. Lackner, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


At maturity, the “popular snowball” grows to be 10 to 12 feet tall and is utilised for high foundation, screening, and hedges. It bears white snowball-shaped blooms and scarlet foliage in the fall.

Viburnum opulus with white flowers
Viburnum opulus
Robert Flogaus-Faust, CC BY 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons


Weigela bushes are thick shrubs that grow quickly. They are also popular in a variety of forms, such as the variegated weigela, a small shrub with rose blooms and variegated silvery leaves. There’s also the pink trumpet-shaped Weigela rosea and the new vivid cardinal shrub. This perennial is worth another look.

A red weigela bush planted against a wood fence
Thadguidry, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Shrubs are essential for developing strong garden bones.

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