A mature white spruce in a open space
White Spruce
If you love seeing wildlife, the white spruce provides nesting sites and shelter as well as food for many kinds of wildlife. Birds and ducks prefer the seeds. Leaves are eaten by rabbits and deer. Red squirrels eat the seeds from the pinecones, and the spruce shoots. The bark is enjoyed by both porcupines and...
Botanical Name: Picea glauca
Nom Français: Épinette blanche


Bloom colour: Green
Pollinators: Birds | Mammals
Sun or Shade: Full Sun | Partial Sun
Plant Type: Tree
Height: Over 35 feet (10 meters)
It grows well in hardiness zones: 2-6


Grows in a variety of situations, from uplands to wetlands.
Water requirement: Low to moderate need for water.
Does best in moist, well-drained humous soil, although will tolerate a variety of acidic and alkaline soils. (ph 5.0-6.0)


Large trees transplant easily. Does best in cool climates but tolerates wind, heat, drought and crowding. Moderate pollution tolerance.
Evergreen conifer tree, Coneshaped with drooping branches.


Spread: Thin, tall tree, fast growing, shallow root system.


Commonly used as a holiday tree, and for wood pulp and lumber. Susceptible to spruce budworm.

Styling and Use

Trembling Aspen, White Birch, Balsam Fir.



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