White Trillium

Trillium grandiflorum

Trille blanc, trille à grande fleur

The white trillium (Trillium grandiflorum), also known as the wake-robin and the white lily, was officially adopted as Ontario’s floral emblem in 1937. These perennial wildflowers are ideal for shade gardens and wooded wildflower gardens.

The young shoots may be boiled and eaten as a vegetable. It is best not to eat the fruit, however.

The white trillium blooms in late April and May. The blooms are very sensitive to light, and the white flowers usually bend toward the sun as it moves across the sky. Contrary to popular belief, it is not illegal to pick a white trillium in Ontario. However, picking the flower can seriously injure the plant and it can take years to recover.


Its natural habitat is, Deciduous woods.


Companion plant suggestions include Hepatica, epimedium, erythroniums, primula, cyclamen, dicentra, sanguinaria and arisaema

Caring for White Trillium

Trilliums bloom early and become dormant by midsummer, yet with suitable growing conditions they are easy to care for and long-lived in the garden. In order for them to thrive in the home garden, you must mimic their native habitat by providing moist, well-draining soil enriched with organic matter.

In terms of water, White Trillium needs Medium to moist