Canada Violet

Canada Violet

Botanical Name: Viola canadensis

En Fran├žais: Violette du Canada


In the Violaceae (violet) family, this perennial plant grows from a short rhizome with fibrous roots, forming clumps, and it spreads by stolons. This is a plant that tends to grow in abundance in hardwood forests (beech-birch-maple or maple-basswood-ash type), usually with sugar maple as a dominant species.

Mass in shaded areas of woodland gardens, wildflower/native plant gardens or naturalized areas. Probably too aggressive for rock gardens or borders.

Other Characteristics

Pollinators: Bees

Sun/Shade: Partial Sun, Shade

Planting and Care Considerations

Easily grown in average, medium to wet, well-drained soils in part shade. Prefers moist, humusy soils.

Marsh Marigold

Spread: 

Water: Moist

Best Soil: Well drained

Growth Habit: 

More Information

Leaves and flowers can be eaten raw or cooked or made into tea.

Compared to the Sweet White Violet, Canada Violets have a much larger flower with yellow throat.