Crotons are Wonderful Colourful Houseplants


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Crotons are well-known and loved plants, due in large part to their vivid foliage and intriguing patterns. Most of these plants make excellent houseplants, but they can also be planted outdoors in warmer regions. It requires less maintenance, so it is recommended for beginners. If you’re looking for the perfect plants to add a splash, check out our list of the top six most popular croton plants to grow at home.

Banana Croton

Banana crotons (Codiaeum variegatum) are cute plants that are perfect for small spaces. It has light-green oblong leaves covered with yellow spots and speckles. Bananas He plants his crotons in well-drained soil and waters them when the top few inches of soil are dry. A moderate to reasonably high humidity level and a temperature of between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit (20 to 30 degrees Celsius) are ideal. Provide the banana croton with at least 5 hours of bright indirect light. Banana croton can be grown outdoors in zones 10-12. You can grow it even in a bright room. This is a slow-growing plant that grows up to 6 feet tall.

A floral arrangement of Banana croton in a container
Banana crotons (Codiaeum variegatum) arrangement
Credit: David E Mead, CC0, via Wikimedia Commons

Petra Croton 

The leaves of Petra croton (Codiaeum variegatum ‘Petra’) are oval and green with bright yellow, red, and orange spots. Originally from Southeast Asia and the South Pacific, it is now found worldwide. The Petra croton prefers bright but indirect sun for at least 5 hours. Maintains temperature between 60°F and 85°F with moderate humidity. It is important to water the soil when the top two inches are dry. 

Once a month, fertilize your Petra croton with diluted houseplant fertilizer. This species of croton can be grown and cared for indoors in any region. She can also be grown outdoors in Zones 9B-12. Outdoor petra crotons grow up to 8 feet tall. When growing indoors, the size is limited by the container and environment. Under the right conditions, these plants can grow up to 2 meters tall indoors.

Colourful Codiaeum variegatum ‘Petra’ in a container
Codiaeum variegatum ‘Petra’
Credit: Karl Thomas Moore, CC BY-SA 4.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Zanzibar Croton

The Zanzibar croton has gorgeous leaves that combine green, yellow, red, and orange. Due to their long leaves, they often resemble ornamental grasses. This croton prefers semi-shade outdoors and indirect light indoors. 

These plants prefer temperatures between 60-85ºF and moderate to high humidity. Feed your plants twice a year with an all-purpose fertilizer and let the top few inches of soil dry between waterings. This croton can be grown outdoors year-round in zones 11-12. In other areas, it can be stored outdoors if brought indoors before the first frost. Also, these plants are ideal as houseplants. Zanzibar Croton grows outdoors to a height of 1.80m and a width of 1.50m.

Zanzibar Croton
Zanzibar Croton
Credit: thegoneapp

Oakleaf Croton

As its common name suggests, Oak Leaf Croton has leaves resembling multiple oak leaves. The leaves are green with bright yellow spots that turn red as the plant ages. People also call this plant his Croton Excellent. 

Oakleaf Croton needs bright but indirect sun. Maintain temperature between 60-85°F. Use well-draining potting soil and water liberally when the top 2 inches of soil is dry. Oakleaf croton can be grown outdoors, even indoors, if the temperature does not drop below freezing. It can reach up to the height of 6 feet.

Oakleaf Croton in a container
Oakleaf Croton
Credit: thegoneapp

Lauren’s Rainbow Croton

Lauren’s Rainbow Croton has thin leaves on tall stems. Leaves usually have a base color and another color in the middle. Like many crotons, this one prefers partial shade or bright but indirect light. The soil mix for the plant should be kept moist and watered when the top two inches of soil feel dry. 

Try to keep the temperature between 55 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. This croton can be grown indoors with sufficient light and humidity. She can also be grown outdoors in Zones 10-12. Laurens iridescent croton grows up to 5 feet tall and 5 feet wide under the right conditions.

Lauren's Rainbow Croton in a container
Lauren’s Rainbow Croton
Credit: thegoneapp

Gold Dust Croton

Golddust Croton has dark green foliage that looks like yellow paint splatters. The brighter the place, the yellower the leaves. This croton prefers bright, indirect light for at least 6 hours. If growing outdoors, provide morning sun and afternoon shade. Keep temperatures between 60 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit and moderate to high humidity. 

The top few inches of soil should only be watered when it is dry. Zones 10–12 are ideal for growing this croton outdoors. When given enough light, it can also serve as a great houseplant. It grows moderately outdoors in warmer climates and can reach heights of up to 3 meters. It grows slowly and reaches 3 feet.

Gold dust Croton
Codiaeum variegatum ‘gold dust’
Courtesy Chicago Botanical garden

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