Red Columbine is a Wonderful Woodland Flower

Featured Photo Credit: Fritzflohrreynolds, CC BY-SA 3.0 , via Wikimedia Commons

This beautiful woodland wildflower has showy, drooping, bell-like flowers that turn from red into yellow. Its lovely floral display, ease of growing, and overall charm make Red Columbine a great plant for the home garden. It is at its peak in spring when its dangling blooms offer ornamental interest and food for ruby-throated hummingbirds.

Quick Growing Guide

Botanical Name: Aquilegia canadensis

Botanical Family: Ranunculaceae

Also Called: Canada Columbine; American Columbine; Wild Columbine; Eastern Columbine

En français: Ancolie du Canada



Water: Medium, Medium-Dry, Dry

Hardiness Zones:

Photo Credit:

Red columbine may be found in nature on forest margins, riverbanks, coastlines, and ridges (see our featured image) since it flourishes in a range of soil conditions. Use it to bring spring colour to any berm, bed, or border in your yard. Its stunning crimson flowers often last about a month.

Red Columbine is one of the first plants to provide nectar in the spring for bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, such as the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird. Short-tongued sweat bees collect pollen from the flowers, and bumblebees may also collect pollen for their larvae. The larvae of various insects feed on Red Columbine, including those of the Columbine Duskywing , the Columbine Borer moth, and leaf miner flies.

Caring for Red Columbine

Columbines typically do best in partial shade with rich, well-drained soil. However, this plant is also known to grow in full sun under drier conditions. Wide range of soil tolerance as long as drainage is good.

Freely self-seeds and will naturalize to form large colonies in optimum growing conditions. Remove flowering stems after bloom to encourage additional bloom. Keep soils uniformly moist after bloom to prolong attractive foliage appearance. When foliage depreciates, plants may be cut to the ground.

Companion Plants

Companion plants include almost any spring flowering wildflower, such as blue forget-me-not, peonies, iris, yarrow, alliums, and roses for a vibrant, colourful garden.

Related Posts

Recent Additions

  • Ohio Goldenrod

    Ohio Goldenrod

    Ohio Goldenrod (Solidago ohioensis) has a compact form that belies its large, exuberant floral display late in the season. It has flat-topped clusters of vivid yellow flowers, while lance-like leaves form a basal rosette. Seeds are produced with fluff, which is dispersed through the wind. Native Americans and early settlers used this plant to make…

    Read more

  • Crotons are Wonderful Colourful Houseplants

    Crotons are Wonderful Colourful Houseplants

    Crotons are well-known and loved plants, due in large part to their vivid foliage and intriguing patterns. Most of these plants make excellent houseplants, but they can also be planted outdoors in warmer regions. It requires less maintenance, so it is recommended for beginners. If you’re looking for the perfect plants to add a splash,…

    Read more

  • Slender Blazing Star

    Slender Blazing Star

    Slender Blazing Star is an upright, clump-forming perennial with fluffy, purple flowers that bloom in late summer. It is best to plant it with slow-growing perennials or as a border plant, as it is a shorter, non-competitive plant. The long-blooming perennial Liatris, a slender blazing star or gayfeather, is native to eastern North America. It…

    Read more