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Botanical Name: Baptisia australis (blue), Baptisia tinctoria (yellow)

En français: Baptisie bleue – Faux-indigotier

Baptisia Australis is beautiful and a sure bet to introduce into your garden. Slow development; it is not uncommon to wait 2 years before the first flowering. Adapts to all soils. Flowers are great for cutting.

Baptisia is deer tolerant.

Great for creating hybrids with exceptionally beautiful colours.



Width: Flowers contain upright racemes of blue, white or yellow flowers. Spikes can be 12 to 24 inches tall and are typically pea-shaped.

Water: Low water requirement.


Native to Canada

Best Soil: Tolerates most well-drained soils.

Most baptisias grow best in deep, rich, moist, well-drained soil. Once established, they are quite drought tolerant, due to their very deep root system.

Its natural habitat: It is happiest in very wide, natural ranges..

Baptisia lives up to its name as a perennial plant. It blooms for a long time. It has healthy looking foliage, so it looks nice even after it’s done blooming.

Propagating Baptisia australis (blue), Baptisia tinctoria (yellow)

Plant with organic 3 in 1 transplanting soil. Baptisia’s take a few years to reach their full potential and therefore demand some patience. Roots are pretty wide spreading so make sure you leave enough room for them to grow between plants.

Caring for Baptisia

Do not like to be transplanted. Are extremely tolerant to drought. Leaves turn black quickly in the fall, some people trim them then, whilst some people leave the leaves.

Companion plant suggestions include Legume family.

Pruning Baptisie bleue – Faux-indigotier

Easy to cut back and use as a mulch plant when it’s done flowering.


Insects are generally not a serious problem on baptisias. A weevil may damage seeds, but does not change the appearance of the plant. May be toxic to many insects, but is a host plant for several butterfly larvae. Diseases are very rarely a problem. Fungal problems may occur in crowded or moist conditions.

Baptisia’s are in the legume family and are a nitrogen leveler. However, they are not edible.

The Baptisia name comes from the Greek root bapto, (to dip or to immerse.) People used the juice extracts to dye their fabrics. Throughout the years, baptisia’s provide indigo dye to create a blue color to a variety of textiles and fabrics. False indico was the first subsidized agricultural plant in America.



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