Balsam Fir
Other names: Canada Balsam, Sapin blanc It is widely used as a Christmas tree and for wreaths. It smells great! It’s a good specimen fir for the landscape, and as an ornamental yard tree. However, it should not be planted in a Zone number higher than Zone 5. The pungent resin yields Canada balsam, used...
Botanical Name: Abies balsamea
Nom Français: Sapin baumier


Bloom colour: Green
Sun or Shade: Partial Sun | Shade
Plant Type: Tree
Height: Up to 35 feet (4 to 10 meters)
It grows well in hardiness zones:


Forests, native to central and eastern Canada, northeastern United States
Water requirement: Likes a lot of water
Tolerates a variety of soil types but does best in well-drained acidic soils with pH 5.0 - 6.0 and can survive in wetland conditions.


Does best in cool areas; does not tolerate heat and is shade tolerant. Low pollution tolerance. Shallow root system makes it easy to transplant.
Medium-sized evergreen conifer tree. Branches start low to ground; cone shaped, thinning at top.


Spread: Bushy branches at bottom, thin out at top.


Susceptible to spruce budworm. A favourite holiday tree.

Styling and Use

The Pinaceae (pine family) are trees or shrubs, including cedars, firs, hemlocks, larches, pines and spruces.


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