Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea

Sapin baumier

Other names: Canada Balsam, Sapin blanc It is widely used as a Christmas tree and for wreaths. It smells great! It’s a good specimen fir for the landscape, and as an ornamental yard tree. However, it should not be planted in a Zone number higher than Zone 5. The pungent resin yields Canada balsam, used…

Susceptible to spruce budworm. A favourite holiday tree.


In nature Forests, native to central and eastern Canada, northeastern United States.


Companion plant suggestions include The Pinaceae (pine family) are trees or shrubs, including cedars, firs, hemlocks, larches, pines and spruces.

Caring for Balsam Fir

Does best in cool areas; does not tolerate heat and is shade tolerant. Low pollution tolerance. Shallow root system makes it easy to transplant.

It is happiest in Tolerates a variety of soil types but does best in well-drained acidic soils with pH 5.0 – 6.0 and can survive in wetland conditions.

In terms of water, Balsam Fir needs Likes a lot of water