Blue Cohosh
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Blue Cohosh

Blue Cohosh is well-known for its effects as a female health supplement. Native Americans employed roots and flowers as herbal medicine to cure a variety of diseases and as a general tonic. Blue cohosh is thought to have actions comparable to those of the hormone oestrogen. It is a lovely wildflower with distinctive spherical blue…

Smooth Solomon’s Seal
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Smooth Solomon’s Seal

Smooth Solomon’s Seal (Polygonatum commutatum) is a drought tolerant perennial for the shade garden, native to Ontraio and Eastern North America. It adds a unique architectural structure with its arching foliage and white bell shaped flowers that dangle along the leaves. It is rhizomatous with lustrous, alternate leaves. You might be interested in learning more…

Wood Betony

Wood Betony

Wood Betony is a valuable native flower that is an indicator of pristine prairies. Its’ roots attach to the roots of nearby plants and uptake nutrients. Thereby, wood betony parasitizes other plants, using them as a water and nutrient source. This parasitism helps reduce the vigor of the tall prairie plants.

Wintergreen

Wintergreen

Excellent ground cover for shady areas auch as woodland gardens, rock gardens, foundations or native plant areas. Plants are an interesting complement to other acid-loving shrubs such as azaleas, rhododendrons, kalmias and blueberries.

Blue-eyed Grass

Blue-eyed Grass

Blue-Eyed Grass Sisyrinchium montanum can be a shy retiring plant at times. They are small perennials only 10-30 cm tall (4-12”), with narrow leaves to 3mm wide (1/8”). They start opening their eyes in early June and continue to look around all through June. They often grow in places with little competition from other plants….

Lesser pyrole

Lesser pyrole

A bit of a mystery plant, there is very little information on it. Research shows 5 main types of Pyrola plants. Wintergreens prefer damp and shady locations in woods. They are often rather local in distribution but can be locally common especially in their more northern locations.

Bellwort

Bellwort

Bellwort is an excellent early-blooming native shade plant for the woodland garden, shaded border front, wildflower garden or naturalized area. It spreads slowly by rhizomes so you can achieve a mass planting look under shade trees or along wood margins in a relatively short amount of time.

White Trillium

White Trillium

The white trillium (Trillium grandiflorum), also known as the wake-robin and the white lily, was officially adopted as Ontario’s floral emblem in 1937.  These perennial wildflowers are ideal for shade gardens and wooded wildflower gardens.

Purple Trillium

Purple Trillium

The red trillium, also known as the wake robin, sports the traditional three petal design while instead of clean linen white petals it sports deep maroon red blooms. This spring blooming flower prefers acidic soil.

Trout Lily

Trout Lily

Trout lily is an extremely photogenic plant that dapple the early spring woods with beautiful yellow flowers. The mottled leaves of the Trout Lily are said to resemble the markings on trout. In most populations, non-flowering individuals outnumber the flowering ones. The Cherokee crushed the warmed leaves and poured the juice over wounds that would…

Borage

Borage

A tall, attractive plant, often grown in flowerbeds. Bright blue star-shaped edible flowers. Also known as “starflower”, the borage herb is a beautiful perennial with blue flowers that spreads by self-seeding. Its flowers are cucumber-flavoured and all parts of the plant, except the roots, have medicinal or culinary uses. Best grown in herb or wild…