Wood Betony

Wood Betony

Wood Betony is a valuable native flower that is an indicator of pristine prairies. Its’ roots attach to the roots of nearby plants and uptake nutrients. Thereby, wood betony parasitizes other plants, using them as a water and nutrient source. This parasitism helps reduce the vigor of the tall prairie plants.

Great St. John’s Wort

Great St. John’s Wort

Magnificent vivacious plant with flowers that can be up to 5cm wide. Easy to cultivate, prefers damp soil and full sun. It can grow very tall with the rich soil conditions. The top of the upper stems will terminate/branch into 1-5 short stems, each with a single flower. Used in borders, woodland margins or slopes.

Virginia Waterleaf

Virginia Waterleaf

Virginia waterleaf is an upright perennial native to moist and wet woods from Quebec to Manitoba. There are 5 long narrow sepals with feathery edges under the flower head. One plant has 1 or 2 clusters on a stem, and may have multiple stems. Used in shady areas and woodland gardens.

White Turtlehead

White Turtlehead

White Turtlehead has masses of beautiful white hooded flowers at the ends of the stems from late summer to mid fall, which are most effective when planted in groupings. The flowers are excellent for cutting. A good choice for shade or woodland gardens, bog gardens, pond or water garden peripheries, wildflower or native plant gardens.

Wintergreen

Wintergreen

Excellent ground cover for shady areas auch as woodland gardens, rock gardens, foundations or native plant areas. Plants are an interesting complement to other acid-loving shrubs such as azaleas, rhododendrons, kalmias and blueberries.

Rhododendron

Rhododendron

Rhododendron are highly valued in landscaping. Their gorgeous pink flowers brighten up any location. The flowers also attract bees and the rare bog elfin butterfly (Callophrys lanoraieensis) that drinks its nectar after hatching. A favourite because of their explosive, butterfly- looking flowers. Plants in beds and borders, Bog garden, City, Cottage/Informal, Waterside, Woodland. There are…

Bellwort

Bellwort

Bellwort is an excellent early-blooming native shade plant for the woodland garden, shaded border front, wildflower garden or naturalized area. It spreads slowly by rhizomes so you can achieve a mass planting look under shade trees or along wood margins in a relatively short amount of time. The Bellwort flowers and leaves have an overall…

Bottle Gentian

Bottle Gentian

Among the finest perennials to grace the garden in late summer is the dark blue-flowered closed bottle gentian. Bottle Gentian has bottle-like deep blue flowers that never actually open. The blooms are pollinated exclusively by bumblebees, which have the size and strenth needed pry open the flowers and gain entry. Bottle Gentians are slow-growing but…

Trout Lily

Trout Lily

The mottled leaves of the Trout Lily are said to resemble the markings on trout. In most populations, non-flowering individuals outnumber the flowering ones. The Cherokee crushed the warmed leaves and poured the juice over wounds that would not heal. These are extremely photogenic plants that dapple the early spring woods with their beautiful yellow….

Dutchman’s Breeches

Dutchman’s Breeches

Dutchman’s Breeches is a true spring woodland ephemeral species. It flowers early in the spring when sunlight hits the woodland floor before the canopy of the trees fill in. This is an ideal time for the first emerging bumblebees to find and nectar on the flowers. By early summer, the green foliage (which resemble fern-like…

Starflower

Starflower

Starflower is a forest understory plant growing in damp, shaded soils, occasionally on the edges of rivers and ponds. It spreads using well-developed rhizomes and regrows in spring from overwintering tubers. Seeds are produced but are not as important for reproduction. Starflower tolerates a wide range of light and moisture regimes. It grows well in…