Sharp-lobed Hepatica
Hepaticas are among the first flowers to bloom in the spring.  The flowers close at night time and cloudy days when pollinators are not likely to be flying. They are delicately attractive and have a tendency to blow about on their slender stems in the wind.
Botanical Name: Hepatica acutiloba
Nom Français: Hépatique á lobes aigus

Features

Bloom colour: Lavender | Pink | White
Blooms: Spring - Zone 5
Pollinators: Bees
Sun or Shade: Partial Sun
Plant Type: Perennial
Height: Less than 1 foot (27 cms or less)
North America
It grows well in hardiness zones: 3-8

The two species of hepatica are sharp-lobed and round-lobed. Sharp-lobed refers to the leaves that are pointed on the ends. Round-lobed means they have more rounded tips. Bee visitors include honeybees, Small Carpenter bees, Andrenid bees, and Halictid bees.

Planting

Dry mixed forest
Water requirement: Average water requirement.
Sand, Loam
The hepatica seeds require a period of cold moist, weather, followed by warm, moist weather, and then another period of cold and moist. Their leaves are best left untouched over the winter as they wil turn red or brown over winter and will wither away come bloom time in early spring. Plant seeds in fall.

Care

Best grown in places where it can remain undisturbed for years. Growing Hepatica in the garden requires a location that has dappled sunlight in early spring and light shade during the summer. The plants will need a layer of decaying leaves as a year-round mulch. Plant in early fall.
Slow growing, long lasting.
No serious pest or disease issues.

Pruning

Spread: 12cm-15cm
The best way to propogate a heptica is through seeding or division. Do not remove the leaves over winter.

Considerations

Heptica leaves are known as basal leaves, which means they only grow at the base of the plant. Its flower is symmetrical. The leaves turn red in winter and last until spring flowering.
Native to Canada
Flowers are toxic.

Styling and Use

While Hepatica is slow to start, it is a very long-lived perennial and quite showy. Gardeners may also be attracted to this plant as it is one of the first to bloom in springtime. They prefer to grow in woodlands, near slopes or banks, where the soil is moist in springtime. They are drought tolerant in the summer. Sometimes it is cultivated as a rock garden plant.
Acer saccharum, Fraxinus americana, Dicentra canadensis, Erigenia bulbosa

Other

Hepticas have poisonous leaves and hairy, toxic seeds to deter herbivores. They also partner with ants for seed dispersal. Ants take the seeds, eat the elaiosome and discard the seeds, usually in a nutrient rich soil that is hidden from seed-eating birds.

History

The word "hepatica" comes from the Greek word "hepar" which means liver, and refers to the shape of the leaves. They also believed it would aid in liver ailments, hence the common names "liverwort" or "liverleaf." Sharp-lobed hepaticas were used by the Chippewa in mammal traps and used by the Iroquois to relieve shortness of breath in forest runners. Modern medicine has proven that Heptica has no medical efficacy.

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