Lilacs

Syringa vulgaris

Lilas

Canada’s lilacs are some of the most beautiful plants, with their vibrant colors and sweet fragrance! They are perfect for any landscaping application, including hedges, foundation plantings, small gardens, and street trees. Lilacs are also perfect for Canada, because they need to go through a period of cold weather before they can produce flowers. They…

Lilac bushes come in many sizes and colours such as lavender, blue, pink, purple and white. Each plant gives off a wonderful, sweet smell.

Lilacs supposedly symbolize the joy of youth.


Lilacs prefer full sun. Lilacs are used for their scent to make candles, bath bombs, perfumes and more.

Its natural habitat is, Property borders.

Lilac Propagation

The easiest way for home gardeners to reproduce an attractive plant is by cutting off its suckers and establishing root sprouts.

Nearly all cultivated lilacs originate from hybridization. As a result, seeds will not reliably reproduce the mother plant’s characteristics. Professional lilac producers employ several reproductive methods: root sprouts, layering, cuttings, and cleft and bud grafts. Grafts are the chief commercial way of propagating lilacs; but this requires knowledge, skill and greenhouse resources. Grafts to foreign rootstocks are intended as short-term solutions for propagation; they are discarded after the cutting develops its own roots. Source https://www.cba-abc.ca/wp-content/uploads/2020/01/Bulletin_47_3.pdf

Video on Syringa vulgaris


Planting Syringa vulgaris

You can plant lilacs in spring or in fall but it is best to do so in fall. Make sure the site drains well as lilacs do not like soil that is too damp and will not bloom. When transplanting a lilac, re-plant at the original soil depth.

Companion plant suggestions include Flowering crabapples, Dogwoods, Magnolias

Caring for Lilacs

In spring, add a thin layer of compost under the plant, followed by compost. Do not over-fertilize. Once your lilac has finished blooming, spread some well-rotted manure around the base.

It is happiest in Fertile, humus-rich, well-drained soil (pH 7.0). Avoid applying high-nitrogen fertilizers to your garden, as they can reduce or prevent the formation of flowers. Compost and well-decomposed manure may be added to the soil, but light chemical fertilization should only be applied in the early spring.

In terms of water, Lilacs needs Lilacs require a regular supply of water when they are establishing. There is no need to water established plants unless a prolonged drought occurs.

Pruning Lilas

Normally, pruning is the only care needed for a mature lilac. Pruning once a year in spring is recommended. However, it is usually unnecessary up to its first five years of growth. And pruning is recommended to maintain the vigour of mature Lilacs. Trim the bush to shape it once they bloom in early spring. Remove suckers and any dead wood. Do not over-prune as it can result in the loss of blooms for a couple of years.

Other

Prone to attacks sfrom slugs and snails. Powdery mildew may occur after a summer of hot humid weather.

Walt Whitman wrote of lilacs when Abraham Lincoln died.